Wednesday, 7 March 2018

Practical ways to motivate learners ,Problems and solutions of motivation by Jitu Das education











1.     Depression : Children, like adults also suffer from depression, although their symptoms may not be the same. Additionally, children respond well to treatment. Depression is defined as an illness when the feelings of depression persist and interfere with a child or adolescent’s ability to function. About 5 percent of children and adolescents in the general population suffer from depression at any given point in time. Children under stress, who experience loss, or who have attention problems, learning, conduct or anxiety disorders are at a higher risk for depression. Depression also tends to run in families.The behavior of depressed children and teenagers may differ from the behavior of depressed adults. Child and adolescent psychiatrists advise parents to be aware of signs of depression in their youngsters.



Solution : The soulution is to help the children who are not doing well in the exams, the teacher should be observant about the behaviour and try to help inspire everyone in the classroom to learn, the motivation to learn should not be only about doing good in exam. Parents should also notice their children whether they are happy or not, the parents should ask their children about how they are feeling, if there is anything wrong. Sometimes therapy might be necessary for the children.





2.     Fear of failure : An early established fear of failure at school can influence students’ motivation to learn and negatively affect their attitude to learning. The analysis found that irrespective of the goal students adopt those who had developed a fear of failure at an early age were more likely to adopt the goal to validate their ego rather than for their own personal interest and development, and were less likely to use effective learning strategies but more likely to cheat.



Solution : The fear of failure arises when then the parents expect good grades everytime, which is actually normal, but the child may not be able to do good, but if the child was not able to do good in one exam, he should not be scold or show any kind of negativity to him, instead the parents, the teachers should only encourage the child and tell him his weakpoints and where he should work  hard.







3.     Tougher Academics and More Responsibilities: 



The academic demands increase with every year of high school. Tough situations don't necessarily inspire motivation, too much responsibilities create stress on the children, that is why the education system should lessen the course. 



Solution :

The education should be about quality and not about quantity. So, I suggest an qualitative approach to education, which will help the student and benefit the world.





4. Social Pressures :

Social situations can also be a source of stress for teens. They can feel pressure to fit in, to be popular and to have a lot of friends—whether these are real friends or not. And as teens become more independent, they may find themselves in new and possibly risky situations where they need to make tough choices.



 Solution : The social pressure is every point and everyside of life, in education also, there is social pressure, ie. Social expectation ( Social norms for good students and bad students). A student









5.     Uncertainty About the Future

In high school, kids have to start thinking about what kind of career they want to pursue. They also have to choose a path: college, work, vocational training. 



 Solution : Uncertainty is the nature of child, in life one has to face to uncertainty every day. In academic life too, the child has to face uncertainty of his life, of what he will become in life. The uncertainty of life keeps the child worried and daydreaming, so he remains distracted most of the time of his study. That is why his elders, parents, teachers should guide the children in choosing a path. The parents must encourage the natural talents of the child, so that he could develop it from his childhood and master it.



6.     Physical disabilities : 



Students may have physical disabilities arising from conditions such as congenital deformities, spina bifida and/or hydrocephalus, muscular dystrophy, cerebral palsy, brittle bones, haemophilia, cystic fibrosis or severe accidental injury. It is important to state that there is no necessary direct correlation between the degree of physical disability and the inability to cope with the school curriculum, apart from the elements involving physical activity. Students with severe physical disability may have minimal special educational needs, while those with minimal physical disability may have serious learning needs.



Solution : The solution to this is always medical help, but that is not enough, because one must have strong will, strong and focused mindset to achieve greatness in life. The teacher , the parents should inspire the child as much they can, the child must have at first develop a strong mindset that will help him overcome his physical disabilities. Mind has power that is we all neglect, we think physical work is the only work, the work you do in the mind is a hard work too. If we use our mind, one can achieve all his desires.







7.     Mental Problems or mentally retard : 



Children with Mental disorder finds no motivation in school or learning. Mental health issues can start in very young students or emerge later with teenagers. Often mental health problems can cause difficulty for students with playing, learning, speaking, behavior and emotional control. Short attention spans, easy distraction, too much talking and constant interruptions as well as hyperactivity are just a few of the symptoms of this mental health disorder. This condition can have a strong impact on a student’s ability to learn as well as a teacher’s ability to maintain the classroom. OCD can make learning difficult for children. Low grades, missing school work and lack of classroom concentration are common student symptoms of OCD because the compulsions and obsessions are so distracting.



Solution : The teacher and parents should handle the child with mental problems very delicately. They should never make fun of the child even in non-harms way. The teacher should be extra kind to the child and help him feel comfortable. The teacher should also ask other students to be friendly with him.



8. Defective curriculum : 

 The Secondary Education Commission has analysed the traditional curriculum and pointed out the following defects in the traditional Curriculum.

  • 1. Narrowly conceived.   :  The existing curriculum is narrowly conceived. It only prepares the children for college education and not for life. The subjects included in the curriculum have no relevance to life in society. 
  • 2. Bookish. The curriculum is bookish and theoretical. The students do not learn beyond their prescribed books. The practical application of knowledge is not stressed. 
  •  
  • 3. Single-track.  :  It is a single-track system. The curriculum is rigidly uniform, irrespective of individual differences in children. There is no provision for diversification of courses and activities. Activities like games, sports, hobbies, crafts etc. are neglected. This mono- track system is still followed in our schools.



Solution : The curriculum is the main reason of  no motivation in the school, the course too lengthy, they are only good for the bright ones, but the weak student is not helped the curriculum. Curriculum has no practical knowledge and application, which wastes away the children from learning important life skills. The curriculum should also inspire and motivate every type of students. Curriculum should be made regarding the qualitative side of the education. The curriculum should inspire the students to learn and teachers to teach, that is education system can fulfill it’s destiny that is grow and develop our personal best.





8.     Defective Teaching method : There are different types of teaching methods which can be categorised into three broad types. These are teacher-centred methods, learner-centred methods, content-focused methods and interactive/participative methods. Now a days student centered teaching is regarded as the best teaching method.The teachers, being the focal figure in education, must be competent and knowledgeable in order to impart the knowledge they could give to their students. Good teaching is a very personal manner. Effective teaching is concerned with the student as a person and with his general development. The teacher must recognize individual differences among his/her students and adjust instructions that best suit to the learners. It is always a fact that educators play varied and vital roles in the classroom. Teachers are considered the light in the classroom.





       Solution : Above all, the teacher must himself come into possession of adequate knowledge of the objectives and standards of the curriculum, skills in teaching, interests, appreciation and ideals. He needs to exert effort to lead children or students into a life that is large, full, stimulating and satisfying. Some students seem naturally enthusiastic about learning, but many need or expect their instructors or teachers to inspire, challenge or stimulate them. "Effective learning in the classroom depends on the teacher's ability to maintain the interest that brought students to the course in the first place (Erickson, 1978). Not all students are motivated by the same values, needs, desires and wants. Some students are motivated by the approval of others or by overcoming challenges.





9.     Poverty : When it comes to poverty and education, many children face difficult situations. “Poverty, regardless of level, is robustly linked to reduced academic achievement.” Students who live in poverty come to school every day without the proper tools for success. As a result, they are commonly behind their classmates physically, socially, emotionally or cognitively.



Solution : The solution to this problem is making the study materials and tools affordable for everyone disregarding socio-economic situation. The teacher should not discriminate the students regarding their socio-economic situation and inspire everyone to do great things in life. The teacher should motivate the children to be rich and good in life because I believe poverty is the root of all crime.





10.  Language Problem : The language problem has been a perennial trouble-spot in our educational history. The language used by the teacher must be understood by students easily.  





Solution : The teacher must also have good knowledge of the language and pronunciation he uses in the classroom. If the students do not understand the language in which the teacher is teaching, the students will  not feel motivated to learn 



11.            Juvenile delinquency : A great deal of scientific research examines the relationship between poor school performance and delinquency. The direction of the causal link between education and juvenile delinquency is fundamentally complex. Early aggressive behavior may lead to difficulties in the classroom. Such difficulties, in turn, may result in a child’s receiving unfavorable evaluations from teachers or peers. These, in turn, might result in delinquency and decrease motivation in learning.





Solution : The solution to this is that the teacher and parents should not give up hope on the child, they should patiently work on the children to make him a good students, beating and giving hard punishment does not necessarily convert a bad student into a good one. So, they should be very careful with the student and change  his personality in the good way, the teacher and parents must show compassion and not anger, kindness and not scolding and help the child see the right way.





12. Teacher’s attitude : Learning motivation is generally stimulated through various forms of modeling, communication, instruction or socialization by teachers (Brophy, 1987). During the learning process, student motivation could be influenced by attitudes toward their self-perception, general learning environment, subject, teachers, and personal needs (Christophel, 1990). Recent studies on motivation (e.g. Christophel, 1990; Noels, 2003) have recognized teachers’ behaviors as one of factors to students’ learning motivation. Teachers are potential active agents within the educational environment and thus are capable of influencing the students’ learning motivation.





Solution : The teacher should be a role model, the teacher should be kind and joyful. The teacher should be fun, interesting along with being a master of the subject. The teacher should be a friend, he should listen to his students, he should help them as much he can, he should bring smile to student’s face. The teacher should a friendly and not too friendly , there must be line, the teacher should not cross, the teacher should not insult the students and the list goes on. To be a teacher is the hardest job, in his shoulder lies the weight of hopes and dreams of the world’s future generation. A teacher can change the world, if he can make his students great.






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