Sunday, 11 March 2018

Role of Educational Institutions in Promoting Human Rights





Human rights are moral principles or norms that describe certain standards of human behavior and are regularly protected as legal rights in municipal and international law. Every human being should know his right as a human being and educational institutions actually play a major role in promoting human rights. Teachers, principals, and officials can make a moral commitment to fundamental values and norms such as tolerance, understanding, cooperation, democracy, and justice. 


Human rights should be a specific topic in the curriculum. The teacher of Elementary schools an introduce children to cultural differences which may characterize even people in their own community. In human rights education, acceptance of people from different ethnicity, language, religion, or race can be taught which would create a mutual understanding.



  The need to promote education for Human rights and peace by new Pedagogic means has been a concern of the world association for the school as an instrument of Peace since its foundation in 1967.The first formal request for the need to educate students about human rights came about in UNESCO’s 1974 article Recommendation concerning Education for International Understanding, Cooperation, and Peace, and Education Relating to Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The participants of the International Congress on the Teaching of Humans Rights eventually met in 1978 to form a specific definition of what would be the required application of the education in formal curricula.

Human rights education may also be related to moral education. The latter is formalized in Koranic schools in many countries as well as in the formal school curriculum of different nations in the subject, religion. In England, for example, students spend time comparing and contrasting the major religious faiths in the world represented among the nation’s multiracial society.

 In west education is a tool for creating the real idea of human rights and Without education, we cannot realise how people of other races and religions share the same dreams, the same hopes. Without education, we can not recogni5e the universality of human aims and aspirations.



Indian Constitution also promotes Human rights. The Artcile 51 mendates the 
51A. Fundamental duties It shall be the duty of every citizen of India (a) to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem;
(b) to cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom;
(c) to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity, and integrity of India;
(d) to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;
(e) to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;
(f) to value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;
(g) to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife, and to have compassion for living creatures;
(h) to develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;
(i) to safeguard public property and to abjure violence;
(j) to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavor and achievement PART V THE UNION CHAPTER I THE EXECUTIVE The President and Vice President



University Grants Commission appointed Sikri Committee in 1980 to consider  and report on the different ways and means for promoting HRE in India. The committee  suggested inculcating values without marks weight
age in schools. A Human rights-based approach of education assures every child a quality education that respects and promotes her or his right to  dignity and optimum development. Human rights concepts of religious
freedom and religious tolerance can be inculcated
while teaching history topics, which will teach the students to be broad minded about other people and their religion and customs. Human rights concerns about self determination can be
introduced to students while teaching them
colonialism and imperialism, which will teach the students about self worth and importance of freedom of a country and thus he would understand about the need of his own rights and freedom.

Now it is a very crucial period of human history, where it is not acceptable to a person not having the freedom his human rights, but there are place in the world, people are taken away from their freedom and rights. To be educated is to know that you have some human rights and you can use them to developmet of his or her life. It is the very time to take Human rights education as a serious part of the curricula, the education system has long been ignoring the imporatance of HRE. Education should uplift the human being, improve the society and inspire personal freedom in life.


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